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Thursday, March 5, 2015

Linguistic and Literacy Development of Children

There had been no definite sequence on how a child could acquire language until the birth of child psychology that formulated many theories which led to some information on how a child develops his language.

One of the principles in the natural history of language development is the principle of reinforcement.  In this principle the consequences of an action will influence future behavior. For instance, if the parent constantly reminds the child of the correct sentence construction, then the child would have a greater possibility of acquiring a logical language as he grows. However, if the child is constantly taught of a baby-talk, he could have the chance of acquiring poor language.

The second principle is through imitation. This is the child’s production of words or sentences after being heard from his parents or peers.

Meanwhile, Noam Chomsky is known for his nativist theory of language acquisition. He proposed that every child is born with a Language Acquisition Device (LAD) which is a special language-learning mechanism embodying knowledge about the general nature of grammars. In other words, language learning is already innate to a child.

However, with the social interactionist view, language acquisition is believed to be both biological and social. Moreover, it states that language learning is influenced by a child’s desire to communicate with others.

On the other hand, Jerome Bruner theorized the Language Acquisition Support System (LASS) which emphasizes the critical roles in which the parents and other caregivers have in the language acquisition process. He believed that a child learns language by the support of the people around him.

As a language teacher, the theories on language acquisition could help me compare and contrast the factors that led a child to develop his language. Learning these theories, I realize the importance of the biological and social dimension of the child. These dimensions are the agents that help a child logically and rationally produce language.

Monday, July 28, 2014

Looking back to what I’ve learned

Our preliminary meetings on our English 22: Preparation of Instructional Materials class have been so worthwhile with full of learning. Two reporters who were tasked to discuss about their assigned topics have made the class more enjoyable while maintaining the student-centered approach of teaching and learning process. It has been a wonderful head start to the class and we look forward for more meaningful classes we’ll be having.

On our first week of class, Mr. Carbon discussed with us about ASSESSING NEEDS AND INSTRUCTIONAL GOALS. I was even asked about what the topic is in my own opinion and so I said that it’s all about gathering vital data necessary to determine what the learners needs and shall do during instruction. Then, the best part of the report, which I have had great interest to learn from, was about particular information to be gathered. This information includes learners’ academic achievement, interest and preferences, personal history, medical background, social skills, learning styles, and daily living skills. I had never thought of these before until the reporter brought it to class. It has helped me a lot by giving me a useful idea I am sure I can utilize shortly after I graduate from college.

                Subsequently, Mr. Gomez reported about LEARNER AND CONTEXT ANALYSIS. The discussion covers everything about the learners themselves which involves describing the characteristics of the target population (group of learners); and the context in which learning will take place which comprises determining the contextual characteristics of eventual setting where the learners will use their new skills.

                It’s been such a wonderful thing to start the semester with these topics discussed by these reporters. I hope to learn more from the upcoming reports and lessons to be discussed. May our class have more enjoyable meetings to come, while remembering that the value and knowledge we learn from every report is more important than the laughter we share with one another as a class.

Tuesday, April 1, 2014

MJ Lastimosa... A Winner Who Never Stops Trying

“The greatest advantage of being a woman is being able to compose herself. Just like here, we’re standing in front of thousands of people, not knowing if you’re going to cheer for us or boo us. But we try to compose ourselves. We keep the emotions and show the beauty that is in us and tonight, thousands of people are standing here, celebrating the beauty of women.”

Apart from the most alluring beauty that Binibini 25 really possesses, this honest and meaty answer she confidently made after being asked by Miss Universe 2014 Gabriela Isler: “March is the women’s month. For you, what is the greatest advantage of being a woman?” has definitely been a plus factor making her deserving to bring home the bacon as she was crowned Binibining Pilipinas Universe at the Binibining Pilipinas 2014 Coronation Night on March 30, held at the Smart Araneta Coliseum.

Mary Jean Lastimosa, a 26-year-old beauty from North Cotabato, a personal advocate of staying fit, finally won the crown after joining three times in Binibining Pilipinas.

According to the Bb. Pilipinas website, Binibining Pilipinas 2004, Maricar Balagtas is her inspiration for participating in the country’s most prestigious beauty pageant again. Whenever MJ feels down, she looks up at her and thinks that if she was able to do it and so can she.

It must then be remembered that she was a former Mutya ng University of Mindanao 2007, a beauty contest held in her Alma Mater where she graduated with a degree in Computer Engineering. Subsequently, in 2008, she was crowned Mutya ng Dabaw held at Davao City where she developed her career as a beauty queen and broaden her interest to join in prestigious pageants like this. Then, she finished second runner up in Binibining Pilipinas 2011 pageant, which was won by Shamcey Supsup (Miss Universe 2011--3rd Runner-Up), and made it to the finals in the 2012 pageant dominated by Janine Tugonon (Miss Universe 2012--1st Runner-Up).

Finally, let me just note that MJ Lastimosa is truly a symbol of a WOMAN--a woman who is not afraid of trying and failing, a woman who does not say “I’m done,” and a woman who is proud of being a woman. Indeed she is a winner who never stops trying.

Sunday, February 9, 2014

3 Tips for the SAFEST Online Shopping

Photo by Google 
'' and ''--These are the two of the popular online classified-ads websites visited by hundreds of thousands of netizens who want to buy and sell products over the internet. Apart from being exempted from paying taxes, it is also convenient for those who have no time going outdoor for shopping. It's the easiest way for them to search for products like personal items, gadgets, cars, and many more. Moreover, Facebook which has been used mainly for social networking is now opening it's page for classified advertising functioning similarly as the previously mentioned websites. In fact, one of the Facebook group page having almost 200,000 members as of the moment, is the 'Davao Online Business (Davao Sale)'.

Now, since we already have all the means for online shopping, what comes next? Of course let's consider the welfare of the consumers or buyers themselves. You might be part of those avid online shoppers who usually get easily fascinated by the various products advertised online, especially when they offer cheaper prices compared to mall costs. However, there are really times that you can't help yourself thinking multiple times about the credibility of the featured products. So, to help you with this, I got 3 basic tips to ensure that you are not buying a FRAUD and to guarantee that you would be buying from a safe haven with trustworthy products and sellers.

3. Use common sense

Photo by OddsLoveCompany
Who would not feel interested to buy an advertised 16GB iPad Air worth P10,000 captioned to be 6-month old used and sold for urgent financial needs? Even I would probably not hesitate to rush to my bank and withdraw big deal of money to purchase such product but wait! Let us not be blinded with this posts. Be wary of deals that sound good to be true.

When deciding to purchase online, always remember to use common sense. Apart from determining its quality of being good-to-be-true, also be mindful if the website looks suspicious or unprofessional, or if you are not confident about their use of your information or that you will get what you pay for. You will know this anyway. Again, just use your 'CS'.

2. Know seller's identity, location, and background

Photo by Articles
Nothing's wrong when asking about the personal information of the seller himself. It is better to learn more about him right at the moment you meet him online so that you may have the time to really examine his real identity. You may want to ask about his real name, location, his real photo, real social media account, and other relevant information supporting his trustworthiness. When you already have his personal details, try to connect the information he provided and examine weather everything seems to be connected to one another, or some details are having doubtful discrepancies. Also, you may try to search even his name on Google that shows almost all the legal records matching the input name/s. In fact, you may try to visit to check for the list of names having criminal records on the internet. Meanwhile, remember that a trustworthy seller never hesitates to divulge his personal information for the promotion of his quality products regardless of their cost.

1. Take time

Photo by Women'sHealth
Take it as an advantage if the seller's location is very convenient to your part. If so, you may wish to request the seller to meet at a secured place for you to personally see the product before purchasing it, just to make sure that you are buying what you see online--no more, no less. On the other hand, if the seller is distance away and you badly need to see the product, at least make an agreement between each other (potential buyer and seller). You may either visit the seller's place or request the seller to come to your place. It can be the either way around. However, I suggest that for you to not waste time, effort, and money dealing with a distant seller, try to look for others offering the same product but with the more convenient location.

Finally, those are just three of the many useful and practical tips for you as a consumer or buyer to have the safest online shopping experience. Learn more about this by reading news articles and other blogging sites that provide relevant information on online buying and selling. To stay safe, remember to think practically and logically and always stay one step ahead. Happy shopping!

Tuesday, February 4, 2014

English for Specific Purposes Vs. English for General Purposes (Justified!)

Photo by Google
What really is the most vital and practical approach or program in teaching English as a Second Language? ESP? EGP? Both? How could we justify that first thing shall be considered first when in fact, both are frameworks designed to develop especially the communicative needs of language learners?

With the consequential information I learned from our ESP class, I shall now try to elaborate the major differences as well as similarities between ESP and EGP. Moreover, I anticipate that the inputs coded in this reflection sheet may help my bewildered colleagues in pointing out the significant distinctions of the two topics.

First stop, ESP or English for Specific Purposes aims to develop learners’ communicative needs mainly for improvement. The fundamentals of the language are taught to them in order to be more prepared for their career path. For instance, if the learners shall be working as a call center agent, they are expected to learn the language skills that enable them to confidently respond to the concerns of their foreign customers. With the level of skills they need, the information may not be that in-depth that it may lead to teaching them the basic and complex principles embodying the language itself. In other words, they may not need to learn the complexities of the strict grammar rules since we understand that they shall not be teaching or doing language-teaching-related works while on duty. However, if the learners shall be working as an English teacher, of course they need to learn EVERYTHING about the language. They need to be knowledgeable enough on the simple and complicated things that contribute to the formation and use of the language. In addition, right after indulging themselves in learning ESP, they must possess the skills needed to be called as English instructors. From communicative to linguistic skills—they need to understand why and how language works.

Meanwhile, EGP or English for General Purposes aims to develop to form a strong language foundation of the learners in terms of basic grammar and communication. This is an approach predominantly used in primary schools intending to help primary students build self-assurance in using the language. In fact, even without physical evidences, it has been proven to have helped primary learners without giving them pressure and constraints that hinder their willingness to continue grasping the language.

To sum up everything, I conclude that there is really no valid reason to say that one approach or program is higher or more important than the other, because the two help in the holistic development of learners’ communicative and linguistic skills. The EGP builds the foundation of language knowledge enabling learners to connect it to their future study, and the ESP develops the skills needed to be used by the students as they work with their respective professions.

Lastly, the arguments about ESP and EGP must end up by realizing that both methods of language teaching bear great roles addressing the PRESENT and FUTURE needs of ESL learners. :)

Monday, January 13, 2014

I Invoke My Right To Know The Right!

“I invoke my right against self-incrimination.”

Aside from the line, “Hindi ko po alam (I don’t know),” this is the common utterance that has been probably overused by celebrated resource persons or witnesses during congressional or senate inquiries on controversial cases. For instance, the most recent to attest at the Senate is Janet Lim-Napoles, the alleged Pork Barrel scam mastermind. During her first Senate hearing, she repeatedly used the line to protect herself from being involved in the crime.

What does this right against self-incrimination entail? Who are entitled to this right? When should a witness invoke such right? Can the authorities find other means to gather information even if the witness insists the right?

Firstly, under Section 17 of Article III of the 1987 Philippine Constitution, “No person shall be compelled to be a witness against himself.” Lastly, to complement this, under the Rules of Criminal Procedure, particularly Rule 115, Section 1 [e], an accused at trial is exempt from being compelled to be a witness against himself. Therefore, a person has the legal right to refuse from answering that can probably involve himself in a particular crime or which can lead to information that can be used against him. In addition, the constitution explains that such right may be claimed not only by an accused but also by the witness to whom an incriminating question is addressed.

The authorities cannot force the witness to give a word as response to a self-incriminating question. That is why we are bound with this law. However, the problem is that even if the question asked is not really self-incriminating, the witness can still invoke his right. Isn’t it a real serious problem?

Of course, the investigators shall be resourceful enough in digging the truth. They are expected to have other resource persons or documents to support the suspect’s guilt in doing the crime. That is what the government is doing right now. Since they already realized that Napoles hardly tells the truth even if under oath, they shall gather evidences that will give a strong foundation to keep the case going, name the guilty individuals, and close the proceeding.

If the witnesses who testified and will testify every hearing knows that they are innocent, why hesitate to tell the truth? Why overuse the right to self-incrimination? As long as we live, we must become models of honesty. Why bother? At the end of the day, it is we who will realize that indeed, “the truth has set us free.”

Napoles Appears at Senate

Janet Lim Napoles, the alleged pork barrel scam mastermind, appeared for the first time before the Senate Blue Ribbon Committee, last November 7, 2013, Thursday. 

Napoles is now facing plunder charges at the Ombudsman for the P10-billion pork barrel scam involving the Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF) of lawmakers. 

Among her co-accused are the former Senate President Juan Ponce Enrile, Senator Jinggoy Estrada, and Senator Ramon “Bong” Revilla Jr. 

The involved government officials and their staff suspectedly received kickbacks from Napoles when their PDAF was channeled to the fake non-government organizations (NGO’s) allegedly established by Napoles herself.

Sunday, January 5, 2014

Top 5 Most Dangerous Countries for Journalists in 2013

Photo by INSI
The Paris-based International News Safety Institute (INSI) previously reported the top 5 most dangerous countries for journalists in 2013. The ranking was based on the number of recorded killings of journalists and media-men. Let us see which among the 196 countries in the world top the rank.


(8 recorded killings)


(9 recorded killings


(11 journalists killed)


(both have 12 journalists and 1 media worker killed)


(19 journalists killed in 2013)

Journalists collect, write, and distribute news and other information relevant to the present society. Their aim is to publish the truth to the people. Hence, they deserve to be respected and saluted not killed. May there be many aspiring journalists to fulfill their dream despite the many alarming news about the possible risks they might be going through.

Pantone Reveals Color of the Year for 2014: PANTONE 18-3224 Radiant Orchid

“An enchanting harmony of fuchsia, purple and pink undertones, Radiant Orchid inspires confidence and emanates great joy, love and health. It is a captivating purple, one that draws you in with its beguiling charm.” -Pantone

The color of the year expresses an extraordinary transition of the new year. According to the Psychology of colors, pink incorporates tenderness, sensitivity, care, emotion, sympathy, love and even sex, and purple associates royalty, mystery, arrogance, luxury, childishness, creativity, and even sadness. Combining all these elements in one, we can say that this year won't seem to be that lousy. There will surely be a dominant taste of love and luck among the humanities. Therefore, this year won't be as cruel as the previous one. The well-being that could be brought about by everyone's optimism will be present and hopefully dormant.

May the color of the year inspire us to excel and move on. As a nation full of positive vibes, let us together expect for all the best things to come in 2014.

Saturday, January 4, 2014

Leadership Summit Takes Place

With its theme "Engaging the youth towards purposeful growth in personal and social accountability," a leadership summit organized by the Davao Colleges and Universities Network (DACUN) was held last Nov. 21 and 22, at D'Leonor Inland Resort and Adventure Park, Davao City.The event was participated by the student representatives of its member institutions: Assumption College of Davao, Brokenshire College, Davao Doctors College Inc., Holy Cross of Davao College Inc., Philippine Women's College of Davao, Rizal Memorial Colleges, University of Mindanao, University of Southeastern Philippines , University of the Immaculate Conception, and the University of the Philippines Mindanao.

The resource speakers were Mr. Derf Miaz who gave a talk about Cyberwellness: Respect for self and others, Safe and responsible use; Ms. Melissa Yeung about Eco-ethical Entrepreneurship, and Mr. Perfecto 'Jojo' Rom about Container Gardening: Household-based waste management and food security system.

Certificates of attendance were distributed to every institution after the event.